Sindgund & Hretha - Wulf
Sindgund or Sinthgund is a goddess associated with the Sun-Goddess, Sunna; there is only one mention of her and that is in the Old Saxon work of the Second Mersberg Charm. To understand who she is we have to analyze her name –
Sind = “travel, a path, a course”, or as in gi-sind = “travelling companion”.
Gund = “battle, conflict”.
Sindgund would thus appear to be a Shield-Maiden whose shield protects the Sun-Goddess from the fire of her star. She would appear to be a goddess of war, and also of safe passage, a protector in battle and in travel.
Like Sunna, the Sun-Goddess, she would have associations with the Sig-Rune – Rune of the Sun. In the eleventh verse of Woden’s Rune Poem (Havamal 157) we find Woden singing a galdor under the shield in order to give power to his Folk in battle.
There is no mention of a Sindgund in English Lore, but the English are kin to the Old Saxons of Germany, and recognized this long after they settled here in England. The names of the English Goddesses were long lost after the Judaeo-Christians erased them from the English Memory. It is only an assumption that Eostra was an English Goddess, taken from the fact that a German Ostara was well known, and that Eostra must be an Easter-Goddess or Goddess of the Dawn. Hretha is also assumed to be a goddess, but there is even less evidence for this since there is only one mention of the name, and that is by the Christian chronicler, Bede. Her name also suggests war and battle, and she would seem to be associated with Mars through the month of March.
Sindgund is mentioned with the goddess Sunna, but she is not actually said to be a goddess, so again the assumption must be made. What seems to be the case with other goddesses is that their “attendants” would seem to be aspects of their own being, and this may be the case with Sindgund.
There is also an interesting point concerning the figure of Hretha; Bede assumed that this was the name of a goddess, but since some Anglo-Saxon male names (such as Horsa) have the same ending, this could just as well have been an Anglo-Saxon god. The Germanic god associated with the Golden Age was Krodo, which some think stems from the Greek Kronos. But this could just as well stem from hruod or hruoda which means “glory, fame” and which the English equivalent would be Hreth/Hretha. The “h” in these words would be sounded as an aspirant, with the “r” trilled.
This is actually borne out by a historical account in the Sachsenchronik (Saxon Chronicles) where we are told that the Saxons erected a temple in the Harz Mountains in honour of “Saturn”, which the folk called Krodo.
This is a case in question where we need to be very careful in assuming that Christian chroniclers like Bede were accurate in their work on Heathenism and the Heathen Gods. In some cases they could easily have misunderstood the names, as seems possible in this case. The Norse equivalent seems to be Frodi, from which the Frodo of Lord of the Rings stems from.